This article indicates the need for promoting youth agency skills. This idea is closely related to grit and self-efficacy. It also suggests that this development may occur in the conative domain.
What youth learned: The analyses of youth interviews revealed 3 major themes for types of youth agency skills:
1) Mobilizing effort: learning to devote the energy and time to their work
– common theme reveals that successful work requires effort and they had gained abilities to deliberately mobilize and regulate that effort
2) Concrete organizing skills: learning rules to organize the tasks or elements of their projects
3) Strategic thinking: “use of advanced executive skills to anticipate possible scenarios in the steps to achieving goals and to formulate flexible courses of action that take these possibilities into account”
– strategic thinking directs youth toward achievement of meaningful and challenging real-world goals and away from risk behavior (Romer, 2003).
connections between grit and resilience and Bandura’s efficacy theory.
See on chronicle.umbmentoring.org