” There are several ways to think about knowledge, said Associate Professor Tina Grotzer as the conversation opened. There is conceptual knowledge — “the framing of ideas and mental models, how we construct information in our head” — and there is procedural knowledge: “how we do things — algorithms, recipes, know-how.” Much of Grotzer’s work explores a subset of conceptual knowledge, something she calls structural knowledge — “how concepts are structured in the deepest sense … what we think about numeracy, how we reason about cause and effect, those very basic assumptions about the nature of how the world works.”
“Today, the military dominates the US government’s research budget, making up slightly more than half of the total. The NSF, by comparison, only accounts for 4%. That’s led to exactly the situation that Bush had feared, an excessive focus on developing applications rather than expanding frontiers in public scientific funding.” (Excerpt)
“Occupational therapy is a treatment with an enormous wingspan. So called because it helps people with the tasks that occupy their everyday lives, it can be used to help a child manage sensitivities to things like noise or touch. It can be deployed to help a stroke victim recover certain functions. And it is widely used to give a boost to children who have trouble with their handwriting, typing or other fine motor skills.”
” ARPANET was not the Internet. It was a relatively closed network that was only accessible to an intellectual priesthood. Very few people even knew it existed, much less derived any use from it. It was, in effect, a revolutionary technology waiting for a revolution.
“The Internet, although this has now become a punchline, was largely the brainchild of Al Gore. His father had been involved with creating the interstate highway system and he believed that the computer networks under government control could be used to create an “Information Superhighway.” The Gore Act of 1991 and other legislation made that happen.”